International Law in the South China Sea, artificial islands, Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, contiguous zone, continental shelf, Convention on the Continental Shelf, Convention on the High Seas, Convention on the Territorial Sea, EEZ, exclusive economic zone, internal waters, ISLANDS, low-tide elevations, maritime zones, rocks, south china sea, South China Sea dispute, UNCLOS I, UNCLOS II, UNCLOS IIIView More International Law in the South China Sea
Article 47(1) of the LOSC provides as follows :
An archipelagic State may draw straight archipelagic baselines joining the outermost points of the outermost islands and drying reefs of the archipelago.
A key point is that the legal criteria of being an archipelago must be fulfilled in order to construct archipelagic baselines. In other words, a State which does not meet the legal definition of an archipelagic State is not entitled to draw archipelagic baselines. The language of this provision also suggests that the establishment of archipelagic baselines is facultative. Article 47 sets out conditions for drawing these baselines in some detail… how draw Archipelagic Baselines in the international law of the sea and LOSC?, Archipelagic Baselines, archipelagic State, High seas, LOSC, low-tide elevations, opinio juris, straight archipelagic baselines, territorial sea
Article 13(1) of the LOSC defines low-tide elevations as follows:
A low-tide elevation is a naturally formed area of land which is surrounded by and above water at low tide but submerged at high tide.
This provision further provides: ‘Where a low-tide elevation is situated wholly or partly at a distance not exceeding the breadth of the territorial sea from the mainland or an island, the low-water line on that elevation may be used as the baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea’. Where a low-tide elevation is wholly situated outside the territorial sea, however, it has no territorial sea of its own. The ICJ has held that Article 13 reflects customary international law. Considering that low-tide elevations may have an impact on identifying the outer limits of marine spaces under national jurisdiction, such elevations have practical importance for the coastal State.. what the mean of LOW-TIDE ELEVATIONS in the law of the sea and case, Anglo-French Continental Shelf Arbitration, Article 13 of the LOSC, China Sea Arbitration, Eddystone Rocks, Fasht al Azm, Gaven Reef (South), Hughes Reef, low-tide elevations, Mischief Reef, Qit ’at Jaradah, Subi Reef
Straight baselines can be defined as:
a system of straight lines joining specified or discrete points on the low-water line, usually known as straight baseline turning points, which may be used only in localities where the coastline is deeply indented and cut into, or if there is a fringe of islands along the coast in its immediate vicinity.
The essential difference between the straight baseline system and the normal baseline system is that under the straight baseline system, baselines are drawn across water, not along the coast.. Straight Baselines meaning on the law of the sea and LOSC, Anglo-Norwegian Fisheries Case, baseline meaning, Baselines under the International Law of the Sea, law of the sea, LOSC, low-tide elevations, low-water line, low-water line along the coast, skjoergaard, straight baseline definition, Straight Baselines, types of baseline in maritime law, What is high water line?, What is straight baseline method?, What is territorial sea baseline?, What is the baseline?, What is the meaning of 12 nautical miles?, What’s high and low water marks?