United Nations Convention on the Law of the sea (UNCLOS) was Adopted in 10 December 1982 Enforced since 16 November 1994 Amended twice – in 1994, “Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention”, in force in 1996. 17 Parts, 320 Articles and 9 Annexes As of Nov. 2004, there are 146 ratifications. UNCLOS Has 320 articles and 9 annexes governing all aspects of ocean space- delimitation, environmental control, marine scientific research, economic and commercial activities, transfer of technology and the settlement of disputes relating to ocean matters.View More The summary of UNCLOS in short(table+pdf+jpg)
The environmental regime established by the Convention is based on the combination of the jurisdictional rules of the law of the sea with objectives, principles and approaches of international environmental law. The protection and preservation of the marine environment is specifically regulated in Part XII which is the result of this combination.
However, due to the comprehensive character of the LOSC and the inter-sectoral nature of marine issues, relevant provisions can be found in different parts of the Convention (e.g., Parts V and VII on conservation and management of living resources in the EEZ and high seas or Part XIII on marine scientific research). The LOSC has codified the customary principles discussed in the previous section and, in some cases, has further clarified their content. The jurisdictional rules and Part XII are discussed separately in the next paragraphs. The 1982 UN Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC) and the Protection and Preservation of the Marine Environment, LOSC, Protection and Preservation of the Marine Environment, What do the provision of Unclos 1982 govern?, What does the law of the sea convention do?