About Lazarev Sea, facts and maps

What nationality is the name Lazarev?

Lazarev (Russian: Лазарев) is a Slavic masculine surname, its feminine counterpart is Lazareva (Russian: Лазарева), derived from the Biblical name Lazarus. Notable people with the surname include: Aiaal Lazarev (born 1986), Kyrgyzstani freestyle wrestler.

The Lazarev (Russian: Море Лазарева, More Lazareva) is a proposed name for a marginal sea of the Southern . It would be bordered by two proposals from a 2002 International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) draft, a King Haakon VII Sea to the west and a to the east, or between the Prime Meridian of 0° and 14°E. It would stretch over an of 929,000 km2 (359,000 sq mi).

The Lazarev Sea was named in 1962 by the Soviet Antarctic Expedition in memory of Russian admiral Mikhail Lazarev (1788–1851), who discovered the Antarctic mainland with Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen in 1820. The 2002 IHO draft was never approved by the IHO (or any other organization), and the 1953 IHO document (which does not contain this name) remains currently in force. Leading geographic authorities and atlases do not use the name, including the 2014 10th edition World Atlas from National Geographic Society and the 2014 12th edition of the Times Atlas of the World. But Soviet and Russian-state maps do.

What is causing sea ice to decrease?

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Polar ice caps are melting as global warming causes climate change. We lose sea ice at a rate of almost 13% per decade, and over the past 30 years, the oldest and thickest ice in the Arctic has declined by a stunning 95%.

Sea ice plays an important role maintaining the 's energy balance while helping keep polar regions cool due to its ability to reflect more sunlight back to space. Sea ice also keeps air cool by forming an insulating barrier between the cold air above it and the warmer water below it.