a list of geographical coordinates of points of the Indonesian based on the Government Regulation of the Republic of Number 38 of 2002 as amended by the Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 37 of 2008. mzn67Download idn_mzn67_2009Download The Republic of Indonesia is an archipelagic State located in Southeast Asia between and the Pacific Ocean, south of the Philippines and north of . Indonesia is composed of a reported 17,508 islands (approximately 6,000 inhabited), some of which are used for drawing Indonesia's archipelagic baselines. Archipelagic BaselinesThe archipelagic baseline system of Indonesia is composed of 192 baseline segments, of which 160 are and 32 are normal baseline segments.The straight archipelagic baselines range in length from 0.51 nm (segment 97-98) to 122.75 nm (segment 44-45), with a total length of 6,920 nm.The archipelagic baseline system of Indonesia meets the water-to-land ratio set forth in Article 47.1:Total Area = 4,986,325 square kilometers Water Area = 3,081,756 square kilometersLand Area = 1,904,569 square kilometersWater-to-land area ratio = 1.61:1Consistent with Article 47.2 of the LOS Convention, five baseline segments (20-21, 44-45, 54-55, 142-143 and 155-156), which comprise 2.6 percent of the total number of segments, exceed 100 nm in length; none of the segments exceed 125 nm. Annex 1 to this study (Regulation No. 37 of 2008) lists the lengths of each segment. The results of a separate analysis of the baseline segments conducted for the purposes of this study confirms what is listed in Regulation No. 37 of 2008.The configuration of the baselines does not appear to depart to any appreciable extent from the general configuration of the (Article 47.3). None of the baselines appear to be drawn using (Article 47.4). With one exception, the baselines are not drawn in a way that would cut off from the high seas or EEZ the territorial sea of another State (Article 47.5). In 2012 Timor-Leste objected to two of Indonesia's archipelagic baseline segments on the basis of their cut-off effect.These two segments—TD112A-TD113 and TD113B-TD114—can be seen on Map 2. In conclusion, Indonesia's archipelagic baseline system set forth in Regulation No. 37 of 2008 appears to be generally consistent with Article 47 of the LOS Convention. However, it appears as though Indonesia needs to address with Timor-Leste the effect that its archipelagic baselines have on Timor-Leste's .Territorial Sea, Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf By Article 3(3) of Act No. 6 of 1996, the of Indonesia are those waters enclosed by the archipelagic baselines. Indonesia's 12-nm territorial sea, established in Article 3(2) of Act No. 6, is measured from the baselines. Article 2 of Act No. 5 of 1983 established a 200-nm EEZ measured from the baselines. Indonesia's legislation and regulations do not address the contiguous zone. With respect to the continental shelf of Indonesia, Article 4(2) of Act No. 5 of 1983 states that “as far as it concerns the sea-bed and the subsoil thereof, the sovereign rights…

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