The and extend for approximately 600 miles.(See Map 33.) The Strait of Malacca is located between the east coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra and the west coast of peninsular, or west, .The is located south of the island of Singapore and thesoutheastern tip of peninsular Malaysia, and north of the Indonesian RiauIslands. The straits provide the shortest route between the Indian Ocean(via the Andaman Sea) and the Pacific Ocean (via the ).At the broad western entrance to the Strait of Malacca, the littoral coasts ofIndonesia and Malaysia are separated by about 200 miles. The strait, however,begins to funnel in a southeasterly direction. At 3°N and south of One FathomBank, the of Indonesia and Malaysia overlap. The narrowest partof the Strait of Malacca is at the southwestern tip of the Malay Peninsula –8.4 miles wide, and, given the shallow depth, is much narrower for deepdraught vessels.The narrowest breadth of the Singapore Strait is only 3.2 miles and throughoutits length is constantly less than 15 miles wide (the combined territorialseas claimed by Indonesia (12 miles) and Singapore (3 miles)). At its easternoutlet into the South China Sea, where it is bounded solely by Malaysia andIndonesia, the sea passage is approximately 11.1 miles wide.The governing depth of the Strait of Malacca is less than 75 feet, with a tidalrange between 4.6 feet at the eastern outlet of the Singapore Strait and 12.5feet at the western entrance to the Strait of Malacca. On April 29, 1982, Ambassador James L. Malone, United States Representativeto the Third United Nations Conference on the of the Sea, submitteda letter to the President of the Conference “confirm[ing] the contents” of aletter dated April 28, 1982, from the Chairman of the Malaysian delegationon behalf of the delegations of Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, regardingtheir statement concerning the purpose and meaning of article 233 of the LOSConvention in its application to the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. TheMalaysian statement reads:Following consultations held among the delegation of States concerned, a commonunderstanding regarding the purpose and meaning of article 233 of the draftconvention on the law of the sea in its application to the Straits of Malacca andSingapore has been confirmed. This understanding, which takes cognizance ofthe peculiar geographic and traffic conditions in the Straits, and which recognizesthe need to promote safety of and to protect and preserve the marineenvironment in the Straits, is as follows: Laws and regulations enacted by States bordering the Straits under article 41,paragraph 1(a) of the convention, refer to laws and regulations relating to traffic separation schemes, including the determination of under keel clearance for the Straits provided in article 41. Accordingly, a violation of the provisions of resolution A.375(X), by theInter-Governmental Consultative Organization adopted on 14November 1977, whereby the vessels referred to therein shall allow for anunder keel clearance of at least 3.5 metres during passage through the Straitsof Malacca and Singapore, shall be deemed, in view of the particular geographicand traffic…

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