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United Nations Convention on the Law of the sea (UNCLOS) was Adopted in 10 December 1982 Enforced since 16 November 1994 Amended twice – in 1994, “Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the Convention”, in force in 1996. 17 Parts, 320 Articles and 9 Annexes As of Nov. 2004, there are 146 ratifications. UNCLOS Has 320 articles and 9 annexes governing all aspects of ocean space- delimitation, environmental control, marine scientific research, economic and commercial activities, transfer of technology and the settlement of disputes relating to ocean matters.
Internal Waters (ports, harbours, rivers, lakes, canals, and navigable waterways) all waters landwards from the baseline of the territory bays are well-marked indentations. Those which are treated by the coastal state as Internal Waters on the basis of historic rights acknowledged by other states. The outermost Permanent Harbour Works which form an integral part of the harbour system are regarded as forming part of the coast.
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III), which took place between 1973 and 1982. The convention was opened for signature on 10 December 1982 and entered into force on 16 November 1994 upon deposition of the 60th instrument of ratification. The convention has been ratified by 167 parties, which includes 166 states (163 United Nations member states plus the UN Observer state Palestine, as well as the Cook Islands and Niue) and the European Union. An additional 14 UN member states have signed, but not ratified the convention. Subsequently, the “Agreement relating to the implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea” was signed in 1994, amending the original Convention. The agreement has been ratified by 147 parties (all of which are parties to the Convention), which includes 146 states (143 United Nations member states plus the UN Observer state Palestine, as well as the Cook Islands and Niue) and the European Union. An additional 3 UN member states have signed, but not ratified the Agreement.
|Parties to the Convention|
|Parties (dually) represented by the EU|