The or Sea of Oman (Arabic: خليج عمان khalīj ʿumān; Persian: دریای عمان daryâ-ye omân), also known as Gulf of Makran or Sea of Makran (Arabic: خلیج مکران khalīj makrān; Persian: دریای مکران daryâ-ye makrān), is a gulf that connects the with the of Hormuz, which then runs to the . It borders Iran and Pakistan on the north, Oman on the south, and the on the west. 16. The Gulf of Oman is one of the important sea passages in Iran. It connects the Persian Gulf to the . About half of the coastline of Iran is next to the Gulf of Oman and parts of it are considered as natural tourist sites of Iran. The Gulf of Oman is about 320 km wide at its widest point between Cape al-Hadd in Oman and the Gwadar Bay on the Iran-Pakistan border. It is approximately 560 km long. Some of the significant that are located in the Gulf of Oman include Sheytan Island, Al Fahal Island, Dimaniyat Islands, and the Sawadi Islands. The Gulf of Oman historically and geographically has been referred to with different names by Arabian, Iranian, Indian, Pakistani and European geographers and travelers, including Makran Sea and Akhzar Sea.[8][9] Makran SeaAkhzar SeaPersian Sea (Consist of whole of Persian gulf and gulf of Oman)Until the 18th century it was known as Makran Sea and is also visible on historical maps and museums. The countries bordering the Gulf of Oman include Iran, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Pakistan. Muscat, the capital of Oman, is located on the coast of the gulf. The major Iranian cities that are located on the coastline of the Gulf of Oman are Gawadar Bay, Jask, and Chabahar. The major that are situated in the Gulf of Oman include Port Sultan Qaboos Muttrah in Muscat, Oman; Chabahar Port in Iran; the Port of Fujairah and Khor Fakkan Container Terminal in the United Arab Emirates. About 530 species of fish are found in the Gulf of Oman. Some of the notable fish include tuna, marlin, pomfret, swordfish, rainbow sardine, mackerel, sailfish, greater lizardfish, sardinella, and common dolphinfish. Some of the sharks that are found here are the Blue , silky shark, scalloped hammerhead, and bigeye thresher. Scientists and researchers have confirmed that one of the world's largest “dead zones” measuring approximately 165,000 km2 has been found in the Gulf of Oman. These hypoxic dead zones are incapable of supporting aquatic flora and fauna. In 2018, scientists confirmed the Gulf of Oman contains one of the world's largest marine dead zones, where the ocean contains little or no oxygen and marine wildlife cannot exist. The dead zone encompasses nearly the entire 165,000-square-kilometre (63,700 sq mi) Gulf of Oman, equivalent to the size of Florida, United States of America. The cause is a combination of increased ocean warming and increased runoff of nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizers. Anthropogenic agricultural activities have led to an…

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