pursuant to , paragraph 9, of the Convention of charts and relevant information, including geodetic data, permanently describing the outer limits of its continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles in respect to the Barents Sea. mzn124Download “Arctic Ocean – Barents Sea Southern Part”, Scale 1:2,000,000 “Arctic Ocean – Barents Sea Northern Part”, Scale 1:2,000,000 -Norway: The Barents Sea, Svalbard/Svalbard In 2010, after 40 years of negotiations, Russia and Norway settled a bilateral over the and signed an agreement on the so-called “Grey zone” (175,000 sq. km.) on the shelf of the Barents Sea. For Reference: The factors that have resulted in a compromise between Russia and Norway (Konyshev & Sergunin, 2014): Both countries have signed and ratified , which unified the national rules of and  (as the Convention provides identical rules based on the median principle, rather than the sectoral principle of demarcation of Sea territories);[1] Both countries took into account the decisions (a few in the 90 ‘s and 00 ‘s) of the (ICJ) on the principle of resolving sea disputes. The court determined that disputes should be resolved according to the principle of objective geographical factors, where there can be significant differences in the length of the coastline; Favorable circumstances have emerged for Norway. This dispute was the last in the settlement of relations with Arctic neighbors, and in 2009 Oslo received a CLCS decision on the boundaries of its continental shelf and EEZ in the Arctic. It was important for Moscow to demonstrate goodwill and contractual capacity for a diplomatic fight with Denmark and Canada over the Arctic shelf; Both countries were interested in exploring the Barents Sea's hydrocarbon resources However, the signing of this agreement did not solve other problematic issues of bilateral Russian-Norwegian relations such as those regarding fisheries, energy production, and Russia's desire to strengthen its presence in Svalbard/Spitsbergen. The Arctic Continental Shelf In defending its positions and interests in the Arctic in general and on the shelf in particular, the RF utilizes symbolic, legal, and military means. One of the brightest symbolic gestures was Russia's placement of its flag on a titanium plate on the submarine ridge of Lomonosov in the North Pole in 2007. In the legal sphere, the RF is trying to assert its rights to the Arctic continental shelf through a mechanism of approval and the respective application of the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS). In 2016, Moscow submitted an updated and supplemented application for expansion of the border of the Arctic continental shelf by 1.2 million sq. km.  (See Annex 2) For reference: Russia's opponents to this application are other Arctic states; Denmark, Norway, Canada and the . Denmark also claims to expand its own territory of the Arctic shelf by 900 thousand sq. km. Norway filed a request in 2006 and was the first to receive a positive decision by the Commission. Denmark submitted its application for consideration to the Commission in December 2014, and Canada in May 2019. The claims of Russia, Denmark, and Canada all partly…

You must be Register or logged in to view full content, high resolution maps, charts, pdf and more.

HTML tutorial

>>>please login<<<