charts showing the and the outer limits of the of , and the median line separating the and fishery zones of Finland from the continental shelves and exclusive economic zones of and Sweden mzn16Download “Loviisa, Lovisa – Kronstadt”, Scale 1:200,000 (front) The Finland-Sweden continental shelf agreement is plotted on the attached DMA/HC charts 44030 and 44180. The official Finnish nautical charts cited in Article 6 of the Agreement were used to compute the distances between the boundary points and Finnish straight baselines. Official Swedish charts Nos. 41, 42, 51, 53, and 71 (1:200,000) were used to measure distances to the Swedish baselines.The shelf boundary extends for a distance of approximately 419.76 nautical miles and has 17 turning or terminal points. The boundary runs the entire length of the , through the narrow Aland Sea, and into the northernmost part of Sea.As stated in Article 2 of the Agreement, the first point on the boundary is the intersection of Sweden's territorial sea limit (4 nautical miles) with the Finland-Sweden territorial sea lateral boundary. From point 1 to point 2 the shelf boundary coincides with the territorial sea boundary. At point 2 the outer limit of Finland's territorial sea (4 nautical miles) intersects the territorial sea and the shelf boundaries. Both states employ a when delimiting their territorial seas.1The straight line connecting points 2 and 3 is 130.48 nautical miles in length and constitutes the longest single segment of the boundary. Point 9 represents the intersection of the outer limit of Sweden's territorial sea with the straight line between point 8 and the middle of Market. Sweden's 4-nautical-mile territorial sea is, at this point, measured from Market. The short boundary segment from point 9 to point 10 (0.20 nautical miles) coincides with Sweden's territorial sea. Point 10, according to the Agreement, represents the intersection of Finland's territorial sea limit with the straight line between point 8 and Market. An interesting question arises with regard to Finland's territorial sea limit in the Aland Sea. According to Article II of the Convention on the Non-fortification and Neutralisation of the Aland (signed at Geneva, October 20, 1921), “the territorial sea of the Aland Islands are considered to extend for a distance of three nautical miles from the low-water mark in the islands, islets, and reefs not permanently submerged.” In Article 1 of Decree No. 643 of August 18, 1956, establishing Finland's straight baselines system, reference is made to the 1921 Convention regarding the territorial sea limit in the Aland Sea. Yet, on the official Finnish charts Finland's territorial sea in this area is shown to be 4 nautical miles and not 3 nautical miles.Article 5 of the Finland-Sweden Agreement states only that “points 8, 13, 15, and 17 referred in Articles 3-4 are identical with the points designated in the Aland Convention of 1921 as points 17, 15, 14, and 13, respectively” (emphasis added). Referring to International Legislation No. 54, p.…

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