The Yellow Sea is a marginal sea of the Western Pacific Ocean located between mainland China and the Korean Peninsula. The Yellow Sea is 870 kilometres long and 556 kilometres wide. As is the case with China in all waters of the Indo Pacific, here too, Beijing claims the sea as its own. Similarly, China has continually demanded the eviction of Korea's oceanographic research ships from Korea's southern and western coasts, where their contested EEZs overlap. In effect, these demands indicate that China claims most of the Yellow Sea within its jurisdiction.
Approximately 1,600 species were reported from marine and coastal habitats in the Korean Yellow Sea, including 400 phytoplankton, 300 marine macroalgae, 50 halophytes, 500 marine invertebrates, and some 389 vertebrate species. Lying between mainland China and the Korean peninsula, the Yellow Sea is one of the world's largest areas of continental shelf covered in shallow water, providing for rich fishing grounds and an important site for migratory birds.
Named for the yellowish sand – which originates from the Yellow River – that colours its water, the Yellow Sea is one of the largest shallow areas of continental shelf in the world with an average depth of 44 metres and a maximum depth of 152 metres.
Is Yellow Sea really yellow?
The sea annually receives so much sand and silt from rivers such as the Yellow River, that it actually turns into a golden-yellow colour.
Which sea is called Yellow Sea?
Yellow Sea, Chinese Huang Hai, Korean Hwanghae, large inlet of the western Pacific Ocean lying between mainland China on the west and north and the Korean peninsula on the east.
Does Yellow Sea exist on earth?
Located between Mainland China and the Korean peninsula, the marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean, which is the northern part of East China Sea, is called the Yellow Sea. The area of the China Yellow Sea is 960 km from north to south and some 700 km from east to west.
Sharks tend to appear in the area at this time of the year because the shallow waters of the Yellow Sea are warmer than other nearby seas. The waters of the East Sea and the East China Sea are relatively cold even in the summer, because of their deep waters.
Why is the Yellow Sea turning green?
The largest algal bloom ever recorded in China has turned the Yellow Sea green and may be related to pollution from agriculture and industry.
The Yellow Sea is shallow and therefore attracts sea life that thrives in shallow water, such as dugongs, porpoises, turtles, Pacific herring, Japanese mackerel, and cod, along with hundreds of water birds.
How deep is the Yellow Sea?
Are there fish in the Yellow Sea?
Valuable nutrients flow from the Yangtze and Yellow rivers and combine with sunlight and shallow waters to create an area that teems with abundant marine life. In the Yellow Sea alone, 276 species of fish have been recorded.
Is the Yellow Sea polluted?
But industrial pollution, agricultural runoff and domestic sewage continue to contaminate the Yellow Sea's coastal waters and habitats. WWF and its partners are working to keep the sea “yellow” by protecting its biodiversity and through the sustainable development of its natural resources.
Are there whales in the Yellow Sea?
Seventeen species of whales and dolphins and four species of seals and sea lions are found in the Yellow and Bohai seas.
In the eastern Yellow Sea, destructive meteotsunami events on March 31, 2007, and May 4, 2008, caused severe loss of human life and property damage (Eom et al., 2012). On March 31, 2007, maximum wave heights of 1–3 m were detected at most tide gauges from midnight to dawn (Choi et al., 2008).
Does China claim the Yellow Sea?
Similarly, China has continually demanded the eviction of Korea's oceanographic research ships from Korea's southern and western coasts, where their contested EEZs overlap. In effect, these demands indicate that China claims most of the Yellow Sea within its jurisdiction.