most of the sea borders based on the unilateral statements and Cyprus doesn't except of this. The line of equidistance between Cyprus and the Greek island of Megisti extends for about 45 nm to the trijunction with near 33° 40' N and 29° 54' E. It is possible that Cyprus could argue that Greek claims from Megisti, which is a small, detached island, should be discounted. The definition of the equidistant that attaches to Cyprus is completed by its potential boundary with Egypt. This line extends for about 165 nm, on a southeasterly course, from the trijunction with to the trijunction with . This line appears to be equitable. When looking at disputed maritime areas in the Mediterranean, Turkey is the shadow over all of the eastern Sea. Its role in the Cyprus–Northern Cyprus conflict as well as the full extent of maritime disputes with Greece will be discussed in greater detail below. This section is to delve into Turkey's full set of unilateral maritime claims which were updated in 2019. The conflict between Cyprus and Northern Cyprus would not have reached its modern outcome without Turkish involvement. Disagreements between Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots on the island of Cyprus have been ongoing since even before Ottoman control of the island, and the modern conflict began shortly after independence from the United Kingdom. Turkey moved to occupy northern Cyprus in 1974 and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declared independence in 1983. Today, Turkey is the only country who recognizes Northern Cyprus's statehood. The strategic relevance of the Greek and Cypriot EEZs can be further perceived if noted that Greece and Cyprus stand at the crossroad of three and jointly share a common border with another ten countries, out of which with eight of them common sea borders also exist. This modification of the Mediterranean geography is certainly directly related to the application to issues of fisheries, circular economy renewable energy policies and energy challenges. However, if we further consider the outlook shaped in the offshore production of hydrocarbons in Greece, Cyprus and Israel, briefly portrayed by the ex-Greek PM as having the potential to cover half of the needs in natural gas in Europe in the coming 30 years, we realize that it is no hyperbole to consider the Mediterranean as the Middle-East of the 21st century. Greece has initiated its tender process for offshore and gas (hydrocarbons) exploration as of August 26, 2014 in 20 block areas in the Ionian Sea and Crete. The evaluation for Blocks 2 and 10 was finalized and the preferred bidders for Block 2 Total Greece as the operator, Edison International and the Hellenic Petroleum and for Block 10 the Hellenic Petroleum. Treaty concerning the Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus (Annex A) 19 August 1960/Treaty between the United Kingdom of and Northern Ireland, the Hellenic Republic, the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Cyprus concerning the Establishment of the Republic…

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